TLP P&I Course Lesson 3 Block 1: The 4 Houses

Note

  • The regular text indicates what you need to say to the learners.
  • (Text in parenthesis) indicates learner actions and possible learner responses.
  • Sentences preceded by “Action” indicate actions that you need to perform or tips for delivery.
  • Text on Orange refers to the instructions about what students should write in their notebooks.

Block Description

Learners understand what “movement” is and the function of movement. They then explore different types of movements of different animals. Learners then understand why animals make sounds and explore the sounds that different animals make.

Block Learning Objectives

EVS Outcomes

  • Understand the reason for animal movement
  • Identify movement types of various animals
  • Understand the reason for animals sounds
  • Identify various animal sounds

During Block

Step 1: Greet Class & Update Notebook (3 min)
Notebook Instructions:
Open the first page
Write on the top right: Module 1, Lesson 1: The World of Animals, Block 3

Step 2: Review Previous Session (2 min)
What did we do in the previous session? (We learned about the sizes of different animals and then grouped them into animals that live in forests and cities, tree branches, tree leaves, inside the tree trunk, on the ground, and under the ground. We also learned the names of shelters for different animals.)

Step 3: Set Expectations (2 min)
Today, we are going to learn about animal movements and animal sounds!

Step 4 Description

  • Learners understand why animals need to move and write this down in their notebooks: 
  • Learners group animals into the following categories of movements: fly, run, crawl, jump from tree to tree, hop, climb, swim, and ability to move on land and in water. 
  • Duration: 10 min

Step 4 Plan

Why do animals, including us human beings, need to move? Can anyone volunteer to answer? (Take various answers: animals need to move to find food, to run away from predators that are hunting them, to find a safe place to live in, and to find partners to have children with.)

Let me summarise the reasons due to which animals move.

Animals move for many reasons, such as:

  • To find food
  • To find partners
  • To find a safe home
  • To escape predators

Note: For juniors, replace the word “predators” with “other animals” or “animals that hunt them.”

Notebook: Please write down the following in your notebook. You have 5 minutes.
Action: For juniors, the content can be shared on the screen. For seniors, the content can be dictated. Once the students finish writing, have some of them share their notebooks to check their work.
Animals move for many reasons, such as:

  • To find food
  • To find partners
  • To find a safe home
  • To escape predators/animals that hunt them

Now, let us dig deeper into the movement of animals!

First, I am going to divide the class into groups.

Action:

  • Divide the class into groups based on student IDs. (1, 2, 3) become group 1, (4, 5, 6) become group 2, etc.
  • Give the groups names like A, B, C.
  • Ensure that students know their group number by calling out the group name and asking the members to raise their hands
  • Do not prompt them or give them answers.

Listen to my instructions carefully.

  • I will give you a type of animal movement, and then you have to provide at least three animals that use that type of movement.
  • Before you give the final answer, the group gets 60 seconds to discuss and decide.
  • When the group is discussing and deciding, everyone else will stay on mute.
  • You can use local names for animals.
  • If you get three correct answers, you will get 10 points.
  • If you are unable to get all 3, the turn passes to the next group. If they get it correct, they will get 5 points.

Can anyone repeat my instructions? (Ensure that the instructions are repeated correctly.)

Let us begin!

Action: Read out the following types of movements. Ensure the class follows the rules of the game. The answers are given in the brackets below. In case students give an answer that you are not sure about, the co-teacher can quickly google “animal name” and “movement” to find out. In case you are still not sure, note the animal down and tell students you will get back to them.

Types of movements:

  • Fly (various types of birds)
  • Run (various land animals)
  • Crawl (lizards, snakes, crocodiles, worms, ants, etc.)
  • Hop or Jump (rabbits, frogs, kangaroos, grasshoppers, crickets)
  • Climb and Jump from tree to tree (monkeys, squirrels, tree frogs)
  • Swim (various types of fishes (rohu, goldfish, Katla, sharks, jellyfish, dolphins, etc.)
  • Move on land and water (frogs, tortoises, crocodiles)

Once the game is done, announce the winners of the game and have everyone clap for the winning team.

Step 5 Description

  • Learners explore examples of animals with different types of movement
  • Learners write down the different types of movement and examples of animals
  • Duration: 20 to 40 min

Step 5 Plan

Action: For this activity, take the following steps:

  • Announce the movement type and ask students to note it down
  • Announce the examples given in the session plan to the class.
  • Share screen and show the image of the required animals from the session plan on the website.
  • Discuss the animals (as given in the session plan)
  • Take volunteers and ask them to spell the name of the animals.
  • Ask students to note down the examples of each animal under the category title.
  • Move to the next category.

Be ready with your notebook and pencils/pens for this activity!

We will now learn about animals with different types of movements.

Note: The juniors are expected to write the movement type and the example. The seniors are expected to write the extra information given.

Let us start with the first type of movement: Flying

  • Most birds and many insects can fly
  • Birds and insects fly using their wings
  • Examples of common birds that can fly are pigeons, crows, eagles, parrots, sparrows, etc.
  • Examples of common insects that can fly are some cockroaches, mosquitoes, flies, bees, etc.

How long do you think birds can fly for? (Take answers)
It depends, some birds can’t fly much, but some birds, like the Alpine Swift, can fly for a long time. Alpine swifts can fly for ten months straight! Every year, they fly from Europe to Africa.

How fast do you think birds can fly? Do you think they can fly faster than cars or planes? (Take answers)

Some birds can fly very fast! One of the fastest birds is found in India! The White-throated Needletail is a bird that can fly at 160 kilometers per hour! That is faster than most cars!
The fastest bird in the world is the Peregrine Falcon. When it flies down to catch small animals for food (prey), it can reach speeds up to 390 kilometers per hour!

However, no bird can fly faster than planes since planes fly at about 900 kilometers per hour.

Action: Share the images of the alpine swift, the White-throated Needletail, and the Peregrine Falcon.

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:
Flying: crow, eagle, parrot, sparrow
SENIOR:
Flying

  • Most birds and many insects can fly
  • Birds and insects fly using their wings
  • Examples of common birds that can fly: pigeons, crows, eagles, parrots, sparrows, etc.
  • Examples of common insects that can fly: some cockroaches, mosquitoes, flies, bees, etc.

Let us move to the second type of movement: Running

  • Most land animals can walk and run. Example: Dogs, cats, tigers, lions, horses, donkeys, etc.
  • Some land animals can run very fast.
  • Animals run using their legs.
  • The land animal that runs the fastest is the cheetah. It can run as fast as 110 kilometers per hour!

How fast do you think human beings can run? Depending on how fit they are, humans can fun from 8 kilometers per hour to 35 kilometers per hour!
The cheetah can be very fast, but for very little time. A cheetah can reach 100 kilometers per hour, but only for about 45 seconds, after which it has to rest.

Which animal do you think can run for the longest time? (Take answers)
It is human beings! Some human beings can keep running for 20 to 24 hours! No other animal can do this – they will heat up on the inside and die. But human beings do something very special: we sweat! The sweat helps us cool down and helps us run for long distances without rest.

Action: Share images of cheetahs and humans

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:
Running: Dogs, cats, tigers, lions, horses, donkeys
SENIOR:
Running

  • Most land animals can walk and run. Example: Dogs, cars, tigers, lions, horses, donkeys, etc.
  • Some land animals can run very fast.
  • Animals run using their legs.
  • The land animal that runs the fastest is the cheetah. It can run as fast as 110 kilometers per hour!
  • The land animal that can run the longest is the human being.

Let us move to the third type of movement: Crawling

  • What does crawling mean? (To crawl is to move with your body close to the ground.)
  • Common animals that can crawl are: Snakes, lizards, ants, different types of worms, crocodiles

Action: Share images of snakes, lizards, ants, and worms.

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:
Crawling: Snakes, lizards, ants, worms, crocodiles
SENIOR:
Crawling:

  • To crawl is to move with your body close to the ground.
  • Common animals that can crawl are: Snakes, lizards, ants, different types of worms, crocodiles

Let us move to the fourth type of movement: Hopping or Jumping

  • What does hopping mean? (To move by jumping on one foot)
  • What does jumping mean? (To push into the air by using the muscles of all feet)
  • Animals that hop or jump to move are: rabbits, frogs, kangaroos, grasshoppers, crickets

Action: Share images of Kangaroo, rabbit, grasshopper, and cricket

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:
Hop or Jump: rabbits, frogs, kangaroos, grasshoppers, crickets
SENIOR:
Hopping or Jumping:

  • To hop is to move by jumping on one foot
  • To jump is to push into the air by using muscles of all feet
  • Animals that hop or jump to move are: rabbits, frogs, kangaroos, grasshoppers, crickets


Let us move to the fifth type of movement: Climbing and jumping from tree to tree

  • Animals that live on trees are usually great at climbing and jumping.
  • Examples are: Monkeys, squirrels, and tree frogs

Do you think monkeys use their tails to climb and jump? (Yes, they do. Monkeys use their tails for balance, whether they’re jumping, swinging or climbing. They can curl their tails around tree branches and grip tightly, and even pick fruit and hold objects!)

Action: Share images of Monkey, Squirrel, and tree frog

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:
Climb and jump from tree to tree: monkeys, squirrels, tree frogs
SENIOR:
Climbing and jumping from tree to tree:

  • Animals that live on trees are usually great at climbing and jumping.
  • Examples are: Monkeys, squirrels, and tree frogs
  • Monkeys use their tails for balance, and to hold tree branches while jumping

Let us move to the sixth type of movement: Swimming. 

  • What does swimming mean? (Swimming means to move in water.)
  • All the animals that live in water can swim
  • Fish swim by moving their bodies and tails back and forth. Like our hands, fishes have “fins”, which help them move, change directions or stop.
  • Sharks are examples of large fish that swim in the water. Sharks are one of the few fish that are dangerous – they eat other animals and also human beings!
  • Dolphins are also animals that swim in the water. Dolphins are not fish! You will learn about them later on.

Action: Share images of Fish, Dolphin, Shark

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:
Swim: Fish, Dolphins, Sharks
SENIOR:
Swimming.

  • Swimming means moving in the water. All the animals that live in water can swim
  • Fish swim by moving their bodies and tails back and forth. They have “fins”, which help them move, change directions or stop.
  • Sharks are examples of large fish that swim in the water.
  • Dolphins are also animals that swim in the water. Dolphins are not fish

Let us move to the seventh type of movement: Animals that are able to move both on water and land.

  • Animals that can breathe in both water and land are called “amphibians”. Note: Grade 3 does not need to know how to write or spell this word. Just the word can be introduced to them).
  • Examples of these animals are: Frogs, crocodiles, tortoises

Action: Share images of Frog, crocodile, and tortoiseNotebook: Please write down the following:

Notebook: Please write down the following:
JUNIOR:

Move on land and in water: Frogs, crocodiles, tortoises
SENIOR:
Animals that are able to move both on land and in water:

  • Animals that can live in both water and land are called “amphibians”.
  • Examples of these animals are: Frogs, crocodiles, tortoises

Animals that fly

Animals that run

Animals that crawl

Animals that hop or jump

Animals that climb and jump from tree to tree

Animals that swim

Animals that move on land and in water

Step 6 Description

  • Learners understand why animals make sounds
  • Learners identify common animal sounds and what they are called
  • Duration: 15 min

Step 6 Plan

We have learned about animal movements. Now, we will learn about animal sounds.

Notebook: Please write the following title in your notebooks: Animal Sounds

Why do you think we (humans) make sounds? (Take answers)
We make sounds to communicate with each other. To communicate is to give and take information.
Can everyone shout out the word “communicate”? 

Why do you think other animals make sounds? (Other animals make sounds for the same reason – to communicate or to exchange information).
Animals use sounds to share warnings, excitement, pain, attract partners, protect themselves and their homes, and manage group actions.

Notebook: Please write the following in your notebooks.
JUNIOR: Animals make sounds to take and give information to each other.
SENIOR: Animals use sounds to share warnings, excitement, pain, attract partners, protect themselves and their homes, and manage group actions.

We will now play a small game to explore animal sounds. Listen to my instructions carefully:
I will call out the name of the animal, and you will all have to unmute and try and make the sound the animal makes.

Can anyone repeat these instructions? (Ensure that the instructions are repeated accurately.)

Let’s start!
Action: For each of the animals below, call out the name and give 30 seconds for all children to unmute and make the sound. Praise students.

  • Dog
  • Cat
  • Lion
  • Tiger
  • Frog
  • Goat
  • Cow
  • Horse
  • Mouse
  • Mosquito

Great job! Each of these sounds has a name! 
Notebook: Please take out your notebooks and write the following:

  • Dog – Bark
  • Cat – Meow
  • Lion – Roar
  • Tiger – Roar
  • Frog – Croak
  • Goat – Bleat
  • Cow – Moo
  • Horse – Neigh
  • Mouse – Squeak
  • Mosquito – Buzz

Great job!

Animals that live on tree branches

Animals that live on leaves

Animals that live on/in the trunk

Animals that live under the ground

Homework

Block Worksheet: Today, please attempt EVS Worksheet #3. This is your homework.
Action: Show the worksheet to the students and take them through it.
Can all of you find EVS Worksheet #3 and show it to me?
Action: Ensure that all students are holding up the correct worksheet.
Please attempt the worksheet in pencil, and please keep the worksheet safe.

Bonus Homework: Do some research on animal sounds. Go to youtube and listen to the sounds of the animals listed above. In the next class, we ill have another round where you can make the correct sounds for each animal!

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